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Chad FlagChad

Unity, Work, Progress



Population: 10,758,945 (2011)
Land Area: 1,284,000 sq km
Natural Resources: Petroleum, uranium, natron, kaolin, fish, gold, limestone, sand and gravel, salt
Capital: N'Djamena
Political System: Republic
State Leader: Lt. Gen. Idriss Deby Itno (1990)
Head of Government: Emmanuel Nadingar (2010)
Languages: French, Arabic, Sara, Over 120 other local languages
Currency: Communaute Financiere Africaine Franc (XAF)
Major Religions: Muslim 53.1%, Catholic 20.1%, Protestant 14.2%, Animist 7.3%, Other 0.5%, Unknown 1.7%, Atheist 3.1%
Major Ethnicities: Sara 27.7%, Arab 12.3%, Mayo-Kebbi 11.5%, Kanem-Bornou 9%, Ouaddai 8.7%, Hadjarai 6.7%, Tandjile 6.5%, Gorane 6.3%, Fitri-Batha 4.7%, Other 6.4% Unknown 0.3%
Life Expectancy: 48.33 years (2011)


GDP Official Exchange Rate: 7.592 billion (2010)
GDP Purchasing Power Parity: 18.56 billion (2010)
GDP Per Capita (PPP): 1,800 (2010)
GDP Growth Rate: 2% (2010)
GDP Structure: Agriculture 50.5%, Industry 7%, Services 42.5% (2010)
Labour Force By Occupation: Agriculture 80%, Industry and Services 20% (2006)
Industries: Oil, cotton textiles, meatpacking, brewing, natron, soap, cigarettes, construction materials
Agriculture Products: Cotton, sorghum, millet, peanuts, rice, potatoes, manioc; cattle, sheep, goats, camels
Human Development Index: 0.328 (183rd)
Tourism Revenue: 10 million (1998)
Unemployment Rate: NA

MilitaryChad Map

Army Size: 30 350 (2004)
Budget: 4.2% of GDP (2006)

Current Situation


Chad is located in central Africa, it is bordered by Libya, Sudan, the Central African Republic, Cameroon, Nigeria and Niger. Chad is plagued by political violence and attempted coup d'état the latest in February 2008. Chad is one of the poorest countries in the world and one of the most corrupted. Chad's main export is crude oil.

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CIA World Factbook: Chad
Wikipedia: Chad

Updated on: December 12, 2011