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Estonia FlagEstonia

The Work Will Teach You How To Do It.



Population: 1,282,963 (2011)
Land Area: 45,226 sq km
Natural Resources: Oil shale, peat, phosphate, clay, limestone, sand, dolomite, arable land, sea mud
Capital: Tallinn
Political System: Parliamentary Republic
State Leader: Toomas Hendrik Ilves (2006)
Head of Government: Andrus Ansip (2005)
Languages: Estonian, Russian
Currency: Estonian Kroon (EEK)
Major Religions: Evangelical Lutheran 13.6%, Orthodox 12.8%, Other Christian 1.4%, Unaffiliated 34.1%, Other and Unspecified 32%, None 6.1%
Major Ethnicities: Estonian 67.9%, Russian 25.6%, Ukrainian 2.1%, Belorussian 1.3%, Finn 0.9%, Other 2.2%
Life Expectancy: 73.33 years (2011)


GDP Official Exchange Rate: 18.8 billion (2010)
GDP Purchasing Power Parity: 24.65 billion (2010)
GDP Per Capita (PPP): 19,000 (2010)
GDP Growth Rate: 2.4% (2010)
GDP Structure: Agriculture 2.5%, Industry 28.7%, Services 68.8% (2010)
Labour Force By Occupation: Agriculture 2.8%, Industry 22.7%, Services 74.5% (2008)
Industries: Engineering, electronics, wood and wood products, textiles, information technology, telecommunications
Agriculture Products: Potatoes, vegetables; livestock and dairy products; fish
Human Development Index: 0.835 (34th)
Tourism Revenue: 1.102 billion (2004)
Unemployment Rate: 17.5% (2010)


Army Size: 4 934 (2004)
Budget: 2% of GDP (2005)

Current Situation


Estonia is located in Northern Europe. It is bordered by Latvia and Russia, it also shares close maritime borders with Finland and Sweden. Estonia has a very high growth rate and has been effective in implementing economic reform since obtaining independence from the Soviet Union in 1991. Despite all of this, Estonia was particularly hit hard by the global recession.

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CIA World Factbook: Estonia
Wikipedia: Estonia

Updated on: December 16, 2011