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Ethiopia FlagEthiopia

Give Advice; If People Don't Listen, Let Adversity Teach Them.



Population: 90,873,739 (2011)
Land Area: 1,127,127 sq km
Natural Resources: Gold, platinum, copper, potash, natural gas, hydropower
Capital: Addis Ababa
Political System: Federal Republic
State Leader: Girma Wolde-Giorgis (2001)
Head of Government: Meles Zenawi (1995)
Languages: Amarigna, Oromigna, Tigrigna, Somaligna, Guaragigna, Sidamigna, Hadiyigna, English
Currency: Birr (ETB)
Major Religions: Christian 60.8%, Muslim 32.8%, Traditional 4.6%, Other 1.8%
Major Ethnicities: Oromo 32.1%, Amara 30.1%, Tigraway 6.2%, Somalie 5.9%, Guragie 4.3%, Sidama 3.5%, Welaita 2.4%, Other 15.4%
Life Expectancy: 56.19 years (2011)


GDP Official Exchange Rate: 30.94 billion (2010)
GDP Purchasing Power Parity: 84.02 billion (2010)
GDP Per Capita (PPP): 1,000 (2010)
GDP Growth Rate: 7% (2010)
GDP Structure: Agriculture 42.9%, Industry 13.7%, Services 43.4% (2010)
Labour Force By Occupation: Agriculture 85%, Industry 5%, Services 10% (2009
Industries: Food processing, beverages, textiles, leather, chemicals, metals processing, cement
Agriculture Products: Cereals, pulses, coffee, oilseed, cotton, sugarcane, potatoes, qat, cut flowers; hides, cattle, sheep, goats; fish
Human Development Index: 0.363 (174th)
Tourism Revenue: 457 million (2004)
Unemployment Rate: NA

MilitaryEthiopia Map

Army Size: 182 500 (2004)
Budget: 3% of GDP (2006)

Current Situation


Ethiopia is located in the Horn of Africa. It is bordered by Djibouti, Eritrea, Kenya, Somalia and Sudan. Ethiopia is experiencing tension with its northern neighbour Eritrea, following a war between the two countries, which hasn't been completely settled. Ethiopia is also involved in the conflict in Somalia. Despite this Ethiopia's economy has been growing rapidly, however it remains very weak and the GDP per capita very low.

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CIA World Factbook: Ethiopia
The Economist: The World In 2010
Wikipedia: Ethiopia

Updated on: December 16, 2011