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President of Israel


Shimon PeresShimon Peres

Date of Birth: 2 August 1923
Birth Place: Wiszniewo, Belarus
Political Party: Kadima
Arrival in Power: 15 July 2007
Religion: Judaism
Profession: Civil Servant, Politician

Biography:


Shimon Peres was born in Wiszniewo, Belarus, in 1923. He is the current President of Israel. Shimon Peres joined the Israeli army in 1947, he was appointed to several key positions by David Ben-Gurion. He is also credited with negotiating deals that gave Israel the technological edge over its military rivals. Following his military career where he had moved up the ranks very quickly he was elected to the Knesset in 1959. He formed a new political party the Rafi along with David Ben-Gurion in 1968. He held several ministerial posts before being named Minister of Defense in 1974.


He became the Prime Minister of Israel in 1977, when Yitzhak Rabin resigned over a scandal. However, in the election that followed his party was defeated and he became head of the opposition. His party lost the 1980 elections, but won the elections in 1984, however they were forced to make a coalition with the Likud party, because of this coalition Peres only served two years as prime minister. His party lost the elections 1988, but formed a coalition with the winning Likud party, through this agreement he became Minister of Finance. In 1992 he was replaced as party leader by Yitzhak Rabin, the man he himself had replaced in 1977.


Yitzhak Rabin was assassinated in 1995 and Peres succeeded him as prime minister. However, he lost the 1996 elections against the current Prime Minister of Israel Benjamin Netanyahu. He ran in the presidential elections in 2000, but lost to Moshe Katsav. He ran again in 2007 and this time won the presidential race.



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Sources:


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shimon_Peres

Updated on: December 21, 2011

 

 

Prime Minister of Israel


Benjamin NetanyahuBenjamin Netanyahu

Date of Birth: 21 October 1949
Birth Place: Tel Aviv, Israel
Political Party: Likud
Arrival in Power: 31 March 2009
Religion: Judaism
Profession: NA

Biography:


Benjamin Netanyahu was born in Tel Aviv, Israel, in 1949. He is the current Prime Minister of Israel. He studied at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). He joined the Israel Defense Forces in 1967, serving as an officer in the Sayeret Matkal Special Forces unit. He saw service in the Yom Kippur War and the Sabena Flight 572 counter-terrorist mission. Following his military career he spent time in the private sector.


After making some powerful contacts inside the Israeli administration, he held some diplomatic posts before being named the Israeli ambassador to the United Nations in 1984 a post he held until 1988. He then joined the Knesset as a member of the Likud party, and became prime minister from 1996 to 1999, afterwards he held the positions of Foreign Minister and Finance Minister when Ariel Sharon was prime minister. He became prime minister again in 2009 when he was able to form a coalition of right-wing parties.



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Sources:


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Benjamin_Netanyahu

Updated on: December 21, 2011