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Peru FlagPeru

We Are Free, May We Always Be So.



Population: 29,248,943 (2011)
Land Area: 1,285,220 sq km
Natural Resources: Copper, silver, gold, petroleum, timber, fish, iron ore, coal, phosphates, potash, hydropower, natural gas
Capital: Lima
Political System: Constitutional Republic
State Leader: Alan Garcia (2006)
Head of Government: Rosario Fernandez (2011)
Languages: Spanish, Quechua, Aymara, Amazonian languages
Currency: Nuevo Sol (PEN)
Major Religions: Roman Catholic 81%, Seventh Day Adventist 1.4%, Other Christian 0.7%, Other 0.6%, Unspecified or none 16.3%
Major Ethnicities: Amerindian 45%, Mestizo 37%, Caucasian 15%, African, Japanese, Chinese and other 3%
Life Expectancy: 72.47 years (2011)


GDP Official Exchange Rate: 153.5 billion (2010)
GDP Purchasing Power Parity: 277.2 billion (2010)
GDP Per Capita (PPP): 9,200 (2010)
GDP Growth Rate: 8.8% (2010)
GDP Structure: Agriculture 10%, Industry 35%, Services 55% (2010)
Labour Force By Occupation: Agriculture 0.7%, Industry 23.8%, Services 75.5% (2005)
Industries: Mining and refining of minerals, steel, metal fabrication, petroleum extraction and refining, natural gas, fishing and fish processing, textiles, clothing, food processing
Agriculture Products: Asparagus, coffee, cotton, sugarcane, rice, potatoes, corn, plantains, grapes, oranges, coca; poultry, beef, dairy products; fish, guinea pigs
Human Development Index: 0.725 (80th)
Tourism Revenue: 1.169 billion (2004)
Unemployment Rate: 7.9% (2010)

MilitaryPeru Map

Army Size: 80 000 (2004)
Budget: 1.5% of GDP (2006)

Current Situation


Peru is located in South America. Peru is bordered by Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia and Ecuador. Peru's economy is growing steadily thanks to economic stability and a new free trade agreement with the United States. The main export sectors are agriculture and mining.

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CIA World Factbook: Peru
Wikipedia: Peru

Updated on: December 27, 2011