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Tonga FlagTonga

God And Tonga Are My Inheritance.



Population: 105,916 (2011)
Land Area: 748 sq km
Natural Resources: Fish, fertile soil
Capital: Nuku'alofa
Political System: Constitutional Monarchy
State Leader: George Tupou V (2006)
Head of Government: Siale'ataonga Tu'ivakano (2010)
Languages: Tongan, English
Currency: Pa'anga (TOP)
Major Religions: Christian
Major Ethnicities: Polynesian, European
Life Expectancy: 75.16 years (2011)


GDP Official Exchange Rate: 363 million (2010)
GDP Purchasing Power Parity: 751 million (2010)
GDP Per Capita (PPP): 6,100 (2010)
GDP Growth Rate: 0.3% (2010)
GDP Structure: Agriculture 25%, Industry 17%, Services 57% (2005)
Labour Force By Occupation: Agriculture 65%, Industry and Services 35% (1997)
Industries: Tourism, construction, fishing
Agriculture Products: Squash, coconuts, copra, bananas, vanilla beans, cocoa, coffee, ginger, black pepper; fish
Human Development Index: 0.704 (90th)
Tourism Revenue: 9 million (2002)
Unemployment Rate: 13% (2003)

MilitaryTonga Map

Army Size: 300 (2003)
Budget: 0.9% of GDP (2006)

Current Situation


Tonga is located in the Pacific Ocean. It is a collection of islands with no natural neighbours. Tonga's economy is on the decline because of problems with agriculture and investments. However, tourism is one industry that could potentially balance the budget and encourage growth.

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CIA World Factbook: Tonga
Wikipedia: Tonga

Updated on: January 1, 2012